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Greater Dublin Area (GDA) for Leaving Cert Geography

Tip: I found it extremely beneficial to know this chapter inside out and back to front. There is more to write about the GDA in comparison with the West of Ireland, and the questions are often easier to get big marks in. There’s a good bit in this chapter, but much of it is common sense or things you’d hear about on the news. Be specific; learn exact figures regarding population, average temperatures etc. This is a critical piece of advice across the entire geography course, but particularly in the Regional section. 

Our Geography notes are coming soon, subscribe to our emails to get all the important updates (it's free and secure) Physical processes  Climate  Cool temperate maritime  Lower precipitation (compared to the WoI). 800-1000mm per year. In rain shadow of Dublin Mountains (which are 1200m high) Sunshine- 4 hours per day average Summer temperature- 16 degrees Celsius Winter temperature- 5 degrees Celsius Growing season- 270 days Relief
Lowland region- low, flat land Dublin…

Complete Guide: H1 Leaving Cert English Notes and Sample Answers 2019

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Leaving Cert English 2019


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Leaving Cert English Notes
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What's inside? See the detailed breakdown:

PAPER II

Single text

1. Macbeth
1. How to approach the text from the angle of the essay title

2. Sample Answers:
a. 2014 “Macbeth’s relationships with other characters can be seen primarily as power struggles which prove crucial to the outcome of the play.” Discuss the above statement in relation to at least two of Macbeth’s relationships with other characters. Support your answer with suitable reference to the play, Macbeth.
b. 2014 “Throughout the play, Macbeth, Shakespeare makes effective use of a variety of dramatic techniques that evoke a wide range of responses from the audience.” Discuss this view with reference to at least two dramatic techniques used by Shakespeare in the play. Support your answer with suitable reference to the text.
c. 2007 “Essentially the play Macbeth is about power, its use and abuse.” Discuss this view of the play, supporting your answer with the aid of suitable reference to the text.

3. Notes:
e. 2007: “The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth undergoes significant change during the course of the play.” Discuss this statement supporting your answer with the aid of suitable reference to the text.
f. 2009: “Macbeth’s murder of Duncan has horrible consequences both for Macbeth himself and for Scotland.” Write a response to this statement. You should refer to the play in your answer.
g. 2009 “Macbeth has all the ingredients of compelling drama.” Write a response to this statement, commenting on one or more of the ingredients which, in your opinion, make Macbeth a compelling drama.
g. 2013 “Shakespeare makes effective use of disturbing imagery in the play, Macbeth.” Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with suitable reference to the text.
h. 2013 “The variety of significant insights that we gain into Macbeth’s mind proves critical in shaping our understanding of his complex character.” Discuss this view, supporting your answer with suitable reference to the play, Macbeth.

2. The Great Gatsby

1. How to approach the text from the angle of the essay title.

2. Sample Answer and Detailed Approach Breakdown :
a. 2015: “It is possible to be both attracted to the idealism and repelled by the corruption evident in The Great Gatsby.” To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view? Support your answer with reference to the novel.

b. 2017: The Great Gatsby has been described as “a study of selfish individuals which fails to offer a critical examination of society.” To what extent do you agree or disagree with this description of the novel? In your response you should deal with all aspects of the statement, supporting your answer with reference to the text.

3. Short Notes:
a. 2016: “Daisy Buchanan and Jay Gatsby possess a variety of character traits that contribute to the dramatic and tragic aspects of the story.” To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Support your answer with reference to the novel, The Great Gatsby.
b. 2016 “Fitzgerald’s effective use of a range of contrasts helps to create a clearly unequal world in the course of his novel, The Great Gatsby.” Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with reference to the novel.



Poetry

1. Elizabeth Bishop

Detailed poem notes & essay writing hacks:
The Fish, The Prodigal, Sestina, First Death in Nova Scotia, Filling Station, In the Waiting Room

Sample Answers:
a. 2013: “Bishop’s carefully judged use of language aids the reader to uncover the intensity of feeling in her poetry.” To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above statement? Support your answer with reference to the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop on your course.

b. “Moments of discovery and a carefully controlled writing style characterised the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop.” Discuss with reference to the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop on your course.

Notes:
c. 2017: From the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop that you have studied, select the poems that, in your opinion, best demonstrate her skilful use of language and imagery to confront life’s harsh realities. Justify your selection by demonstrating Bishop’s skilful use of language and imagery to confront life’s harsh realities in the poems you have chosen.

2. Gerard Manley Hopkins

Detailed poem notes & essay writing hacks:
God’s Grandeur, Spring, As kingfishers catch fire, dragonflies draw flame, The Windhover, Pied Beauty, Felix Randal, Inversnaid, I wake and feel the fell of dark, not day, No worst there is none. Pitched past pitch of grief, Thou art indeed just, Lord, if I contend

Sample Answer:
a. 2013: "Hopkins’ innovative style displays his struggle with what he believes to be fundamental truths." In your opinion, is this a fair assessment of his poetry? Support your answer with suitable reference to the poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins on your course

3. D.H. Lawrence

Detailed poem notes & essay writing hacks:
Call Into Death, Piano, The Mosquito, Snake, Humming-Bird, Intimates, Delight of Being Alone, Absolute Reverence, What have they done to you?, Bavarian Gentians 

Sample Answer

4. Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin

Detailed poem notes & essay writing hacks:
Lucina Schynning in Silence of the Nicht, The Second Voyage, Deaths and Engines, Street, Fireman’s Lift, All for You, Following, Kilcash, Translation, The Bend in the Road, On Lacking the Killer Instinct, To Niall Woods and Xenya Ostrovskaia, married in Dublin on 9 September 2009

Sample Answer:
a. 2015: “Ní Chuilleanáin’s demanding subject matter and formidable style can prove challenging.” Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with reference to the poetry of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin on your course.

5. Sylvia Plath

Detailed poem notes & essay writing hacks:
Poppies in July, Finisterre, Black Rook in Rainy Weather, Pheasant, Morning Song and Child.

Sample Answer:
a. “Plath makes effective use of language to explore her personal experiences of suffering and to provide occasional glimpses of the redemptive power of love.” Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with reference to both the themes and language found in the poetry of Sylvia Plath on your course.

b. "Suffering and a vivid imagination are evident in the poetry of Sylvia Plath." Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with reference to both the themes and language found in the poetry of Sylvia Plath on your course.

c. "Reading the poetry of Sylvia Plath can be a disturbing experience." Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with reference to both the themes and language found in the poetry of Sylvia Plath on your course.

6. W.B. Yeats
Detailed poem notes & essay writing hacks:
The Wild Swans at Coole, Sailing to Byzantium, The Lake Isle of Innisfree, September 1913, Easter 1916, An Irish Airman Foresees His Death, Stare's Nest by My Window and The Second Coming

a. 2014: “Yeats uses evocative language to create poetry that includes both personal reflection and public commentary.” Discuss this statement, supporting your answer with reference to both the themes and language found in the poetry of W. B. Yeats on your course.

Full notes on Brendan Kennelly and Seamus Heaney will be written this year and made available free of charge to anyone who purchases this guide.

Unseen Poetry

1. General Approach
2. Sample Answer:
a. 2015: Based on your reading of the above poem, identify the emotions expressed by the poet and explain how these emotions are conveyed in the poem

Comparative

1. How to use link words
2. General Vision and Viewpoint: Concepts and Short Sample
3. Cultural Context: Concepts and Short Sample
4. Literary Genre: Concepts and Short Sample
5. How to make comparisons and never forget them
Links the following essays:
Cultural Context : The Great Gatsby, All My Sons, The King's Speech
Cultural Context: The Great Gatsby, The Plough and the Stars, The King’s Speech
Cultural Context: Wuthering Heights, The Plough and the Stars, The King’s Speech
General Vision and Viewpoint: Foster, Juno and All My Sons
General Vision and Viewpoint: Foster, The King's Speech and The Plough and the Stars
General Vision and Viewpoint: Citizen Kane, The Dead and Wuthering Heights
Literary Genre: 1984, Rear Window, The Song of Achilles

Please note that with the exception of Juno, The Great Gatsby and Macbeth, specific texts on the comparative are not covered. We decided against writing 7,700 sample essays to cover all possible combinations of texts on the syllabus. This is not just a matter volume, but due to the focus on comparison rather than detail in this section.

PAPER I

Section I and II: Approach
Speech/Talk/The Language of Persuasion
Discursive Essay/Language of Argument
Report/The language of Information
Personal Essay
Letter
Article
Descriptive Essay
Short Story

What does the guide not cover?
The guide has a wealth of useful information. As the syllabus required each student to choose from over 40 individual texts and over 50 poems it was neither required, nor feasible to cover everything. 

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Yes. All notes are printable.


Leaving Cert notes
Leaving Cert English


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